The Permanent Court of Arbitration was established in  1899 by the
First Hague Peace Conference , an initiative of the Russian Czar
Nicholas II, who was deeply concerned  by the prospect of Europe
constantly destabilized by war and armed conflict. His initiative for
the first peace conference , regarded by many as the drawing board for
the age of multilateral diplomacy , spurred the delegations to search
for " the most efficacious means to assure to all people the blessings
of a real and durable peace".
                The First Hague Peace Conference, hosted by Queen
Wilhelmina at Palace Huis ten Bosch, brought together one hundred
representatives from twenty six countries. They discussed and
negotiated three main themes: disarmament, international humanitarian
law and the laws of war, and the peaceful settlements of disputes.
Agreement was reached on a number of documents  the most notable of
which was the First Hague Convention
PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION
FOR AN INDEPTH VEIW OF ALL THREE
CHAPTERS AND 61 ARTICLES PLEASE
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